There are 20 million Sikhs in the world, most of whom live in the Punjab province of India. The 2001 census recorded 336,000 Sikhs in the UK.
Sikhism was founded in the 16th century in the Punjab district of what is now India and Pakistan. It was founded by Guru Nanak and is based on his teachings, and those of the 9 Sikh gurus who followed him.
The most important thing in Sikhism is the internal religious state of the individual.
~Sikhism is a monotheistic religion
~Sikhism stresses the importance of doing good actions rather than merely carrying out rituals
~Sikhs believe that the way to lead a good life is to:
~keep God in heart and mind at all times
~live honestly and work hard
~treat everyone equally
~be generous to the less fortunate
~The Sikh place of worship is called a Gurdwara
~The Sikh scripture is the Guru Granth Sahib, a book that Sikhs consider a living Guru
~The tenth Sikh Guru decreed that after his death the spiritual guide of the Sikhs would be the teachings contained in that book, so the Guru Granth Sahib now has the status of a Guru, and Sikhs show it the respect they would give to a human Guru.