The Holy Grail is one of the most prominent and enduring symbols of Christianity. It is believed to be the chalice or cup that was used by Jesus Christ at the Last Supper that he had before the crucifixion with his disciples. It is also supposed to have been used at the crucifixion by Joseph of Arimathea to catch Jesus’ blood. Legend has it that Joseph brought the sacred cup to Britain and established a secret line of guardians who have kept it safe ever since. Having been touched by Christ, the chalice was believed to hold miraculous powers and so, was highly sought-after.
The Holy Grail has captured the imagination of people ever since the Grail legends found a literary expression around the twelfth century. It forms an important part of Arthurian literature and has been the principal object of a search by the knights at the court of King Arthur. In the early literature, the Grail was depicted as a plate, serving a dish, stone, or even something spiritual or ethereal. It was shown to be a cup in Joseph d’Arimathie that was written by Robert de Boron in 1205.
As a Christian symbol, the Holy Grail is more than a sacred object. It signifies the forgiveness of sin and attainment of immortality. At the Holy Communion services, the cup represents the body or essence of Jesus and the wine in it symbolizes the blood that he shed while making the supreme sacrifice for the sake of humanity.