Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevay (Sanskrit: ॐ नमो भगवते वासुदेवाय) is one of the most popular Hindu mantras, central to the tradition of Vaishnavism. Known as the Dwadasakshari or ‘twelve-syllable’ mantra, Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya is dedicated to Lord Vishnu in the incarnation of Krishna.
According to the Tantric tradition, the Rishi (seer or sage) who originated this mantra is Prajapati, but in the Puranic Tradition the Rishi is Narada. Regardless of this difference, both traditions agree that Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevay is the supreme Vishnu mantra.
Found in the ancient Hindu text, Vishnu Purana, Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevay can be translated as “I bow to Lord Vasudeva (Lord Krishna)”. However, this mantra is recited as much for the benefits of the sacred sound vibrations as for any specific meaning.
This mantra is understood to be a moksha or mukti (liberation) mantra, recited as a way to achieve spiritual freedom from samsara, or the recurring cycle of death and reincarnation.
Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevay and Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya are generally used interchangeably.