Sama Veda is an ancient Hindu scripture and one of the four main Vedas of Hinduism. It is a collection of melodies and chants, and is also called the “Book of Song,” “Veda of Chants” or even “Yoga of Song.” It is basically the words of the “Rig Veda” put to music.
“Sama Veda” should not be read or recited, but sung. It contains about 1,900 verses, almost all of them taken from the “Rig Veda.”
Vedic scholar, David Frawley, describes “Sama Veda” as follows: “If ‘Rig Veda’ is the word, ‘Sama Veda’ is the song; if ‘Rig Veda’ is the knowledge, ‘Sama Veda’ is the realization; if ‘Rig Veda’ is the wife, ‘Sama Veda’ is the husband.”
Frawley also used the term, Vedic yoga, for yoga based on the Vedas. According to him, “Sama Veda” represents the mind and heaven.