Prehistoric architecture refers to those buildings and settlements that occurred prior to recorded evidence of their existence. Only via the process of archaeological excavation and analysis of artefacts have we been able to identify their presence.
The earliest examples include Neolithic settlements like Gōbekli Tepe in Southeastern Turkey and Skara Brae in Scotland’s Orkney Islands.
Some of the richest examples of early civilisation are defined by their architecture, such as the one found in the Giza Plateau in Egypt – site of the Fourth Dynasty Giza Necropolis, where you will find the Great Pyramids of Khafre, Khufu and Menkaure, as well as The Great Sphinx of Giza – surely the most spectacular example of ancient architecture known today.
In Europe, Greek and Roman architecture (the latter of which was inspired by the former) of the 8th Century BC to the 6th Century AD was developed according to the Classical orders, which assembled parts subject to uniform proportions determined by what role each part played in the construction.