Architecture {5} ~ Asian & Islamic Architecture

Asian architectural developments occurred along very different lines to its European and North African counterparts. The religious precepts of Hinduism and, in turn, Buddhism gave way to buildings that, beginning around 300 BCE, attempted to express both the macrocosm (the universal, the infinite) and the microcosm (the immediacy of experience): the result being something akin to a sense of oneness with the natural surroundings.

Islamic architecture
By the 7th Century CE (or AD in Dionysian terms), the development of Islamic architecture demonstrated influence from both ancient Middle Eastern and Byzantine architecture and stretched, in line with the expansion of the Ottoman Empire, from Turkey to North Africa, India, Spain and the Balkans.

Its characteristics include minarets, muqarnas, arabesque and what are tellingly known as onion domes (which, though they originate in Islamic architecture, are actually more commonly associated with Russian architecture).

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