Psychology Phenomena {58} ~ The Cross-Race Effect

The cross-race effect (sometimes called cross-race bias, other-race bias, own-race bias or other-race effect) is the tendency to more easily recognize faces that belong to one’s own racial group. In social psychology, the cross-race effect is described as the “ingroup advantage,” whereas in other fields, the effect can be seen as a specific form of the “ingroup advantage” since it is only applied in interracial or inter-ethnic situations. The cross-race effect is thought to contribute to difficulties in cross-race identification, as well as implicit racial bias.

Multiple theories as to why the cross-race effect exists have been conceived, including social cognition and perceptual expertise. However, no model has been able to fully account for the full body of evidence, so multiple theories are still considered in the literature.

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