“The ancient city of Ely occupies the largest island in the Cambridgeshire Fens. The “Isle of Ely” is so called because it was only accessible by boat until the waterlogged Fens were drained in the 17th century. Still susceptible to flooding today, it was these watery surrounds that gave Ely its original name the ‘Isle of Eels’, a translation of the Anglo Saxon word ‘Eilig’.
It was an Anglo Saxon princess, Saint Ethelreda, who founded the first Christian community on the islands’ hill top site in 673 A.D. for both monks and nuns. Like her father Anna, the king of East Anglia, Ethelfreda had become an enthusiastic supporter of the new religion that was fast spreading through the country.
Rich in folk history, Ely was also the stronghold of Hereward the Wake (meaning ‘wary’). Hereward exploited the natural defences of the Isle of Eels to stage the final Anglo Saxon resistance to the Norman invasion of 1066, led by William the Conqueror. Unfortunately for Hereward however, he did not have the full support of the Ely monks, some of whom provided William with the information he needed to capture the island.
Hereward escaped to fight another day, but William exacted a heavy toll on the abbot and monks of Ely. At that time Ely was the second richest monastery in England, but in order to gain their pardon the monks were forced to melt down and sell all the silver and gold objects within the church as recompense.
Today nothing survives of the Anglo Saxon church. Ely is now dominated by the magnificent Norman Cathedral, a legacy left by William I. The invading Normans undoubtedly used their building skills to demonstrate their power over the local population. With its intricately carved stonework, Ely Cathedral took almost 300 years to complete. Today, more that 1,000 years later, it still towers over the surrounding low-lying fenland, one of the finest example of Romanesque architecture in the country …’The Ship of the Fens’.
The cathedral with its many interesting features, including the 14th century Lady Chapel and Octagon Tower, will no doubt be recognised by millions, as it was used as a film set for the two recent Elizabethan epics ‘The Golden Age’ and ‘The Other Boleyn Girl’.
Perhaps the most famous resident of Ely was The Lord Protector, the uncrowned King of Great Britain and Ireland, Oliver Cromwell. In 1636 Cromwell inherited a large estate in the area from his uncle Sir Thomas Steward. He became the local tax collector, a man of wealth and great standing within certain sectors of the community. Not perhaps the greatest admirer of the local (Catholic) clergy, he was responsible for closing the cathedral for approximately 10 years following a disagreement with them. He did however put the building to good use during this period, as stabling for his cavalry horses.
Due to its historic isolation, Ely has remained small. Visitors can explore the ancient buildings and medieval gateways, the Cathedral Close (the largest collection of domestic monastic buildings in the country) or Oliver Cromwell’s House, which is open all year round with exhibitions, period rooms and a haunted room. Stroll along the riverside (in the summer there are daily boat trips to Cambridge) or visit the tearooms and antique shops which nestle cosily in the narrow streets of this ancient city.”