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Psychology Phenomena {35} ~ Naïve Realism

In social psychology, naïve realism is the human tendency to believe that we see the world around us objectively, and that people who disagree with us must be uninformed, irrational, or biased.

Naïve realism provides a theoretical basis for several other cognitive biases, which are systematic errors when it comes to thinking and making decisions. These include the false consensus effect, actor-observer bias, bias blind spot, and fundamental attribution error, among others.

The term, as it is used in psychology today, was coined by social psychologist Lee Ross and his colleagues in the 1990s. It is related to the philosophical concept of naïve realism, which is the idea that our senses allow us to perceive objects directly and without any intervening processes. Social psychologists in the mid-20th century argued against this stance and proposed instead that perception is inherently subjective.

Several prominent social psychologists have studied naïve realism experimentally, including Lee Ross, Andrew Ward, Dale Griffin, Emily Pronin, Thomas Gilovich, Robert Robinson, and Dacher Keltner. In 2010, the Handbook of Social Psychology recognized naïve realism as one of “four hard-won insights about human perception, thinking, motivation and behavior that … represent important, indeed foundational, contributions of social psychology.”

Symbols {146} ~ Shinto Torii Gate

The Shinto Torii Gate is used by the Shinto religions to symbolize the transition from this world to the next. Actual Shinto Torii gates are found by Shinto shrines. They are built on the path to the shrine. If there is more than one gate they symbolize walking into a holier, more sacred area.

The kasagi is the top of the symbol. It is a horizontal, sometimes curved line that represents the division of the finite and infinite world. The hashira are the supporting posts. They hold up the kasagi and allow priests to walk under the kasagi.

This symbol is also found in the Buddhist religion where they also use it to mark their shrines.

In modern times the symbol is found being used in non-religious contexts also. The Marine Corps Security Force regiment and the 187th Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division displays the symbol on their uniforms. It symbolizes a gateway of honor.

Did You Know {143} ~ Humans Aren’t The Only Species To Adopt

We’ve seen the heartwarming videos of dogs nursing baby squirrels back to health—and that’s actually much more common than we think. It becomes mutually beneficial to have more furry friends in the group to take on other roles in survival—whether that be hunting, gathering, or just simply cute companionship. Though the phenomenon isn’t completely understood, it’s clear that both humans and animals have an instinct to care for others.

The Silver Birch Book Of Questions & Answers {36} ~ What Is The Soul?

“THE soul is the divine garment that every human wears. The soul is the light which the Great Spirit has given to every one of his children. The soul is the divine breath which enables the individual to function in the universe. The soul is the vital spark, the dynamic wellspring of his existence, that which relates him to the Great Spirit, that which makes him part of the infinity which broods over every manifestation of life. The soul is the imperishable garment that he will wear for all time. He the soul, for the soul is the individual, the one part that reflects, thinks, decides, judges, weighs, loves and that has every aspect of consciousness.” ~ The Silver Birch Book Of Questions & Answers, P. 196