Tag Archives: building

Architecture {12} ~ The Architectural Profession

There are many people involved in the architectural process – technologists and structural engineers, for instance. However, the chief proponent of the architectural process is, of course, the architect.

The architect plans, designs and manages the building process. So they have significant responsibility for public safety (buildings, once up, need to stay up). This is why becoming an architect can take a long time. In the UK, for instance, it takes seven years to become a fully qualified architect (though a BA or BSc in architecture can be completed in three years).

Architects tend to work mostly in small firms with little formal organisational structure, though medium sized firms with up to 50 employees may be organised departmentally between design, production, business development, finance and construction administration, etc.

The architectural profession developed out of the artisanal activities of stone masons and carpenters, who rose to the position of master builder. Until the dawn of the industrial revolution, there was little distinction between an architect and an engineer, but they were eventually separated by the widening gap between aesthetics and structural feasibility.

To become an architect, as well as a lengthy education in the subject, one must also acquire an appropriate licence, certificate or registration.

Architecture {11} ~ Architecture & The Environment

When designing a building, today’s architect will look into how to reduce carbon emissions during the building process as well as across the building’s entire lifespan. They will research ways in which to make use of renewable energy sources. They will seek out locally sourced materials to lower their carbon footprint caused by the logistics of moving materials.

All of this is not simply a case of ensuring for a more desirable ‘product’ for the architectural client, but is often also a matter of meeting regulations. The more environmentally aware the world becomes, the more stringent adherence to sustainable building processes becomes.

Architecture {6} ~ Medieval & Renaissance Architecture

Medieval architecture
Middle Ages architecture includes the styles known as pre-Romanesque, Romanesque and Gothic and is expressed across civil, military and religious buildings alike. One of the best-loved examples of medieval architecture is, of course, the French Gothic Notre Dame de Paris, built between 1160 AD and 1260 AD and devastated by a fire in 2019.

Some of the most powerful expressions of medieval architecture can be found in the many military fortifications that were erected all over Europe, from Beaumaris Castle in Wales to the Walls of Dubrovnik in Croatia.

Renaissance architecture
The Renaissance occurs across the 15th and 16th Centuries AD and describes a period in which the concept of Humanism (that “Man is the measure of all things” according to Greek philosopher Protagoras) gained much traction throughout Europe. Early architectural examples include the recycling of the knowledge of how to make concrete and the style emphasised symmetry, geometry, proportion and regulation of parts with references to the classical antiquity of Roman architecture.

Did You Know {54} ~ The Giant’s Causeway, Ireland

The Giants Causeway comprises around 40,000 thousands of mostly hexagonal basalt columns descending gently into the sea. Depending on who you believe, the stones were formed either by an underwater volcano’s geological actions or by a giant named Finn McCool, who lived and battled along the north Antrim Coast.

Civilizations {4} ~ The Babylonians

~A series of conflicts between the Amorites and the Assyrians followed the collapse of the Akkadian Empire, out of which Babylon arose as a powerful city-state c. 1894 BCE.

~Babylon remained a minor territory for a century after it was founded, until the reign of its sixth Amorite ruler, Hammurabi (1792-1750 BCE), an extremely efficient ruler who established a bureaucracy with taxation and centralized government.

~Hammurabi also enjoyed various military successes over the whole of southern Mesopotamia, modern-day Iran and Syria, and the old Assyrian Empire in Asian Minor.

~After the death of Hammurabi, the First Babylonian Dynasty eventually fell due to attacks from outside its borders.

Source: https://courses.lumenlearning.com/suny-hccc-worldcivilization/chapter/babylon/