Tag Archives: education

Symbols {184} ~ Skull & Bones

The skull and bones symbol consists of a human skull with two long bones crossed beneath.

Ancient Mayans used the symbol on altars where sacrifices were made. The skull and bone symbol was also used to portray deities and supernatural beings. The Cemetery Group in Uxmal has a skull and crossbones on the walls. The Cemetery Group was not a cemetery, it was a temple.

There are beliefs that the modern skull and bones symbol came from Ancient Egypt where pharaoh’s tombs would have the pharaoh carved in the top with two crossing scepters beneath.

This symbol was used as a symbol of death around 1200 A.D. It was used as a memento mori, an artistic reminder of death, on tombstones during that time. The skull and crossbones symbol was developed from Danse Macabre symbolism originating in France.

The skull and bones symbol was associated with pirates from the 14th century onwards. With the decline of pirates, some military vessels used the skull and crossbones flags, also known as the Jolly Roger, to show their toughness and ferocity. The Royal Navy Submarine Service now uses the Jolly Roger as its official emblem. The United States Marine Corps also uses the skull and bones as an emblem. The Kuperjanov Battalion of the Estonian army uses the skull and bones as a symbol. Many divisions of the British Army also use the skull and bones on parts of their uniforms. The White Kornilov Division, during the Russian Civil War, had skull and bone patches. During World War I some pilots used the skull and bone insignia on their airplanes. The skull and bone symbol was also used by Nazi troops during World War II.

In the 1850s in New York, the skull and bones symbol was first used on medication to show danger or death. In Northern Europe, the skull and bones were used on rosaries and large wall hangings. It symbolized memento mori and later the victory of Christ over death.

Many fraternal societies and secret societies use the skull and bones as a motif. One of the most known examples of this is the Yale University secret society called Skull and Bones. The Knights Templar also uses skull and bones as a motif. Within these societies, the skull and bones symbolize mortality and a warning to keep the secrets of the society. The Knights Templar skull and bones symbolize Golgotha where Christ was crucified.

Modern-day use of the skull and bones is to depict poison on bottles. It is also used by heavy metal and punk bands along with sports teams and the military.

Astronomy {9} ~ Multiverse Theory

The multiverse is a hypothetical group of multiple universes. Together, these universes comprise everything that exists: the entirety of space, time, matter, energy, information, and the physical laws and constants that describe them. The different universes within the multiverse are called “parallel universes”, “other universes”, “alternate universes”, or “many worlds”.

~Envy & Jealousy~

The difference between envy and jealousy is that envy is when you want something someone else has, and jealousy is when there’s something you want that someone else might be taking away from you. For example, envy is you wishing you were going on a trip to Costa Rica instead of your roommate, jealousy is disdain for your roommate’s friend who’s taking her away on a trip to Vegas. Envy usuallly involves just you and one other person whereas jealousy usually involves a third party.