Tag Archives: mind

Psychology Phenomena {22} ~ The Well Travelled Road Effect

The well travelled road effect is a cognitive bias in which travellers will estimate the time taken to traverse routes differently depending on their familiarity with the route. Frequently travelled routes are assessed as taking a shorter time than unfamiliar routes. This effect creates errors when estimating the most efficient route to an unfamiliar destination, when one candidate route includes a familiar route, whilst the other candidate route includes no familiar routes. The effect is most salient when subjects are driving, but is still detectable for pedestrians and users of public transport. The effect has been observed for centuries but was first studied scientifically in the 1980s and 1990s following from earlier “heuristics and biases” work undertaken by Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky.

Much like the Stroop task, it is hypothesised that drivers use less cognitive effort when traversing familiar routes and therefore underestimate the time taken to traverse the familiar route. The well travelled road effect has been hypothesised as a reason that self-reported experience curve effects are overestimated.

Psychology Phenomena {5} ~ The Pygmalion/Rosenthal Effect

The Pygmalion effect, or Rosenthal effect, is a psychological phenomenon wherein high expectations lead to improved performance in a given area. The effect is named after the Greek myth of Pygmalion, a sculptor who fell in love with a statue he had carved, or alternately, after the psychologist Robert Rosenthal. Rosenthal and Lenore Jacobson, in their book, applied the idea to teachers’ expectations of their students affecting the students’ performance, a view that has been undermined partially by subsequent research.

Rosenthal and Jacobson held that high expectations lead to better performance and low expectations lead to worse, both effects leading to self-fulfilling prophecy. According to the Pygmalion effect, the targets of the expectations internalize their positive labels, and those with positive labels succeed accordingly; a similar process works in the opposite direction in the case of low expectations. The idea behind the Pygmalion effect is that increasing the leader’s expectation of the follower’s performance will result in better follower performance. Within sociology, the effect is often cited with regard to education and social class. The Pygmalion effect has also been subject to criticism.

Did You Know {128} ~ You Are Not Purely Left Brained Or Right Brained

You may have been told at some point in your life that you’re either left-brained or right-brained. The story goes that “people who are left brain dominant are more quantitative, logical, and analytical, while right-brained individuals are more emotional, intuitive, and creative free spirits,” writes Psychology Today.

However, this theory isn’t true. “On the contrary, most behaviors and abilities require the right and left sides of the brain to work together to achieve a common objective,” the website explains. So while you may have certain qualities and characteristics that define you who are, they have nothing to do with which side of your brain you use more. You can thank both sides of your brain for contributing to your unique personality.

Guest Posts {20} ~ Nano Thoughts {2}

~This is a guest post from Vishnupria ~ https://vishnupria.wordpress.com

The virtue of life plays sound with a cacophony of immaturity,

Forever illumines glitter of the lord and remain silence on its purity,

Sleepless tosses and turns underground where inner reaction fears the insecurity,

Hail an active observer on the ground by escaping the phony posterity,

Thus, gloats the macro cosmic vitality!

~To see more of this writer’s work ~ https://vishnupria.wordpress.com

~To guest post feel free to share over your post by going to this blog’s connect page to find my email.~

Did You Know {95} ~ Putting Information In Bite-Sized Pieces Helps Us Remember

Your short-term memory can only hold on to so much information at a time (unless you try one of the simple ways to improve your memory), which is why you use “chunking” to remember long numbers. For instance, if you try to memorize this number: 90655372, you probably naturally thought something like 906-553-72.

Did You Know {93} ~ We Loosen Our Morals When An Authority Tells Us To

It’s one of the oldest psychology facts in the books: In the 1960s, Yale psychologist Stanley Milgram infamously conducted an experiment that he thought would prove Americans wouldn’t accept immoral orders like the Nazis had. For a “learning task,” volunteers were told to deliver shocks to a “learner” (an actor, little known to the real volunteers) if they got an answer wrong. To Milgram’s horror, the participants continued delivering shocks, even when the learner screamed in pain.