Tag Archives: sanskrit

~Temple~

A temple is a public place (typically a structure or building) devoted to spiritual activities, and designed as a meeting place for humans and gods. It is a place for humans to move from illusion to truth and knowledge.

Hindu temples referenced in yogic teachings have many names, including devasthana and devalaya.

The Hindu Temple, also called Chidambaram Temple or Thillai Nataraja Temple, is one of the most famous temples dedicated to Lord Shiva and was consecrated by Patanjali. According to yogic philosophy, Shiva is considered Adiyogi or “the first yogi” and Adiguru, or “the first teacher.”

“The human body is a temple” was the famous saying by Thirumoolar, one of the 18 yoga siddhars, among whom sage Patanjali finds his rightful place. Siddhars, according to Thirumoolar, are “those who live in yoga and see the divine light and power through yoga.”

Hindu temples and the human body are considered identical. The five important parts of the temple that are identical to the human body are vimana (head), sanctum (neck), artha mantapam (stomach), prakara walls (legs) and gopuras (feet). The deity in the sanctum is considered the soul of the body.

By practicing yoga regularly, one worships the body and maintains optimum health. Regular yogic practices promote physical and mental health. Yoga develops compassion and love for others, promotes peace within and allows one to experience the bliss one would experience in a temple.

~Om Gam Ganapataye Namaha/ॐ गं गणपतये नम~

Om Gam Ganapataye Namaha (Sanskrit: ॐ गं गणपतये नमः) is a powerful prayer and mantra comprised of four parts that are all in praise of the Hindu god, Lord Ganesha. Om Gam Ganapataye Namaha can be translated as “My salutations to Lord Ganesha.” This mantra is from the Ganapati Upanishad, a long Sanskrit writing from the Vedas all about and in adoration of Ganesha.

Om is thought to constitute the divine in the form of sound. It is the universal sound where its utterance is considered the sound of creation itself.

Gam is a bija mantra, or the seed mantra, for Ganesha or Ganapati. These words are used interchangeably to indicate the same god in Hinduism.

Ganapataye is actually the alternate name for Ganesha, which is Ganapati. The ending ‘aye’ indicates that something is for or to Ganapati.

Namaha means salutations. This word is in most prayers and is also in the commonly used word “namaste”; which means my salutations to you. Thus, the mantra means “Salutations to Lord Ganesha.”

~Shri Rudram~

Shri Rudram is most often described as an ancient Vedic hymn, or stotra, found in the Krishna Yajur Veda. Sometimes referred to as a mantra (albeit a long one), Shri Rudram is sung or recited in homage to Rudra, a Hindu deity associated with, and in some traditions considered, an incarnation of Shiva. Rudra is the god of wind, storms and the hunt.

Shri Rudram is derived from the Sanskrit shri, meaning “radiant” or “auspicious,” and is often used as a title of respect. Rudra means “howling” or “roaring”; hence, Rudra’s nickname as the howler or the roaring god.

~Anjana~

According to Hindu mythology, Anjana is the mother of Lord Hanuman, otherwise known as the “Monkey God.” Although Anjana was an aspara, a female spirit of the clouds, she was cursed by a sage to take form as a monkey on earth. Despite this curse, Anjana was a pure and devoted being, and was ultimately relieved of the curse through the gift of her son Hanuman.

During her time on earth, Anjana married a vanara chief named Kesari. Since the couple remained childless, Anjana prayed to become better and repay her karmic debt for the curse. In doing so, Anjana symbolises the universal strive to liberate the divine from animalistic suffering.

Her devotion is rewarded by the immaculate conception of Hanuman. Vayu, god of the wind, delivered the divine power of Lord Shiva and Parvati to Anjana’s womb, and so Hanuman was born as an incarnation of Shiva. Hanuman’s monkey-like features are attributed to Anjana’s status as a vanara at the time of his birth.

Anjana is a powerful symbol of the struggle between spirituality and earthly reality. In the tale of Hanuman’s conception, the inner divine mother is trapped in animal form by her own karma. Through penance and devotion, she is able to relieve herself of this suffering; a timeless moral to an ancient story.

Ayurveda {2} ~ How Does Ayurveda Work?

Ayurveda is based on the understanding that the body has three principle energies, or doshas, and that each individual has their own unique makeup of these three doshas called the prakriti, which is determined at birth. The prakriti determines how our bodies behave and respond to everything, from stress to emotion and even certain foods. The three doshas are each responsible for certain interactions in the body, since energy is required for our bodies to function.

The three doshas ~ Vata, Pitta, and Kapha

VATA

Represented by air and space, Vata controls breathing, heartbeat, and muscle and joint movement. It also controls anxiety, fear, pain, and other nervous system functions. Individuals who have Vata as their dominant dosha are known to be on the go, but can be subject to imbalance from excessive stress.

PITTA

Represented by fire and water, Pitta controls bodily functions such as metabolism and digestion, while also governing emotions like anger, hate, and jealousy. Those who have pitta as their primary dosha generally have a strong appetite and are able to digest food more easily, but can experience irritability and anger more easily than the other two doshas.

KAPHA

Kapha, like pitta, has water, but is also represented by earth as well. It is believed to control the body’s physical structure, immune system, and emotional responses such as forgiveness, calmness, love, and greed. Those who have a dominant Kapha dosha are solid and reliable, generally able to hold onto jobs and relationships long after they are “no longer nourishing or necessary.” When Kapha is in excess, however, they are subject to stubbornness and resistance to change.

~Chandogya Upanishad~

The “Chandogya Upanishad” is a Sanskrit text that has served as a core text for the Vedanta school of Hinduism. The name is derived from the Sanskrit, chanda, meaning “poetic meter,” and Upanishad, meaning “sitting at the foot of.”

It is considered one of the oldest Upanishads and consists of eight chapters. The overarching theme is the significance of chants, speech and song to human salvation and knowledge. The “Chandogya Upanishad” discusses the primordial syllable, Om, that is regularly used in the practice of meditative yoga.

~Aryaman~

Aryaman is one of the names of a minor Hindu sun god, especially in the early Vedic and Devas traditions. The name is also sometimes used interchangeably with Surya, the sun god. The name comes from the Sanskrit for “sun,” but also means “companion” and “bosom friend.”

Aryaman was the third of the Adityas, or sons of Aditi, the mother of gods in Vedic literature. Depending on the tradition, there are six, eight or twelve Adityas. Aryaman was known as the “destroyer of foes,” as the “servant of dharma” or the governing principle of the universe.

~Aparigraha~

In Indian philosophy and yoga, aparigraha is the concept of non-possessiveness, non-greed and non-attachment. It is one of the yamas, or codes of ethical behavior, listed in Patanjali’s Eight Limbs of Yoga. The last of the five yamas teaches that one should take only what one needs or serves and let go of the unnecessary.

The word comes from the Sanskrit a, a prefix meaning “non”; pari, meaning “on all sides”; and graha, meaning “to take,” “to grab” or “to seize.” Therefore, aparigraha translates as “not taking more than one needs.”

~Prakriti Laya~

Prakriti laya is a Sanskrit term which means “absorption into nature.” Prakriti means “nature” or “matter,” and laya means “to dissolve.” Prakriti laya is the advanced ability to dissolve the mind in its nature.

Prakriti is more about the potential aspect than the physical sense. Considered the original form of substances, prakriti consists of three major qualities: sattva, rajas and tamas.

One’s prakriti dissolves when one attains a state in which the body is no longer known and has no more rebirths.