Tag Archives: study

Psychology Phenomena {54} ~ The Hot-Cold Empathy Gap

A hot-cold empathy gap is a cognitive bias in which people underestimate the influences of visceral drives on their own attitudes, preferences, and behaviors.

The most important aspect of this idea is that human understanding is “state-dependent”. For example, when one is angry, it is difficult to understand what it is like for one to be calm, and vice versa; when one is blindly in love with someone, it is difficult to understand what it is like for one not to be, (or to imagine the possibility of not being blindly in love in the future). Importantly, an inability to minimize one’s gap in empathy can lead to negative outcomes in medical settings (e.g., when a doctor needs to accurately diagnose the physical pain of a patient), and in workplace settings (e.g., when an employer needs to assess the need for an employee’s bereavement leave).

Hot-cold empathy gaps can be analyzed according to their direction:

Hot-to-cold: People under the influence of visceral factors (hot state) don’t fully grasp how much their behavior and preferences are being driven by their current state; they think instead that these short-term goals reflect their general and long-term preferences.
Cold-to-hot: People in a cold state have difficulty picturing themselves in hot states, minimizing the motivational strength of visceral impulses. This leads to unpreparedness when visceral forces inevitably arise.

They can also be classified in regards to their relation with time (past or future) and whether they occur intra- or inter-personally:

Intrapersonal prospective: the inability to effectively predict their own future behavior when in a different state.
Intrapersonal retrospective: when people recall or try to understand behaviors that happened in a different state.
Interpersonal: the attempt to evaluate behaviors or preferences of another person who is in a state different from one’s own.
The term hot-cold empathy gap was coined by Carnegie Mellon University psychologist George Loewenstein. Hot-cold empathy gaps are one of Loewenstein’s major contributions to behavioural science.

Yoga {12} ~ Asanas/Poses {1} ~ Bharadvajasana/Bharadvaja’s Twist

Bharadvajasana is a seated spinal twist asana and hip opener named after the Hindu guru Bharadvaja. It is also known in English as Bharadvaja’s twist.

The asana has several variations, but the most basic begins in dandasana (staff pose), a seated position with the legs extended in front. The weight is shifted to the right buttock, as the knees bend and the legs drop to the left. The left inner ankle should rest in the arch of the right foot. The upper torso then twists to the right as the right hand rests on the floor behind the body and the left hand rests palm up on the outer right thigh. Only then does the head turn to gaze over the right shoulder. To complete the asana, switch sides and repeat.


Like exo-oceanographers and exo-geologists, exo-meteorologists are interested in studying natural processes which occur on planets other than Earth. Now that astronomers are able to peer more closely into the inner-workings of nearby planets and moons, they’re increasingly able to track atmospheric conditions and weather patterns. Jupiter and Saturn, with their impossibly large weather systems, are prime candidates for study. So is Mars, with it’s regularly occurring dust storms. Even planets outside our solar system are being studied by exo-meteorologists. And interestingly, exo-meteorologists may eventually find signs of extraterrestrial life on an exoplanet by detecting organic signatures in atmospheres, or elevated carbon dioxide levels — a possible sign of an industrial-age civilization.


“Kissing is a science unto itself. A kiss reveals whether the chemistry is right between two people..”

Philematology is the scientific study of kissing. Researchers in this field focus on the significance and origin of kissing along with kissing techniques and types. Philematology draws together biologists, cultural scientists, linguists, physicists, physicians and sociologists.

Articles {3} ~ New Study Finds Humans Can Access a Higher Level of Consciousness – Collective Evolution

“New research has discovered verifiable evidence of a higher level of consciousness. Researchers used brain imaging equipment to analyze the small magnetic fields created in the brain and discovered that, across three psychedelic substances, one measure of conscious level — neural signal diversity — was consistently greater.” ~ Article

Article ~ https://www.collective-evolution.com/2021/06/15/new-study-finds-humans-can-access-a-higher-level-of-consciousness/

Symbols {57} ~ Ik Onkar

Ik Onkar is a prominent Sikh symbol that represents the central tenet of the religious philosophy of the Sikh faith. Symbolizing the concept of the unity of God, it stands for the One Supreme Being who is behind all creation. The phrase has two components – Ik and Onkar. Ik is written as a numeral and means one, while Onkar denotes the name of God, Brahma (as mentioned in the Vedas).

The symbol is the opening phrase of the Sikh holy book, Guru Granth Sahib and forms the first word of the ‘Mool Mantra‘, which is regarded as the first composition of Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism. Mool Mantra (literally meaning the ‘root magic chant or statement’) clearly reflects Guru Nanak’s belief in monotheism and encapsulates the entire complex theology of Sikhism. It is read as – “Ik Onkar Satnam Karta Purakh Nirbhau Nirvair Akaal Moorat Ajooni Saibhang GurParsad”. Translated in English, it means that there is only one God, His name is true, He is the creator of everything, He is beyond fear, He is without enmity or hatred, He has a timeless form, He is beyond birth and death, He is self-existent, He can be realized through divine grace.

Ik Onkar

The symbol Ik Onkar is representative of the cornerstone of the Sikh religion, which is the belief in the oneness of God and the oneness of humanity. There is only one Divine Reality, one God who is manifest in all creation and is the only constant, the eternal Truth. It urges one to realize that we are all bound to the creator and one another in such a way that we are all inseparable.

Religion {1} ~ What Is It?

Religion is a social-cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, morals, beliefs, worldviews, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, and spiritual elements; however, there is no scholarly consensus over what precisely constitutes a religion.

Different religions may or may not contain various elements ranging from the divine, sacred things, faith, a supernatural being or supernatural beings or “some sort of ultimacy and transcendence that will provide norms and power for the rest of life”. Religious practices may include rituals, sermons, commemoration or veneration (of deities and/or saints), sacrifices, festivals, feasts, trances, initiations, funerary services, matrimonial services, meditation, prayer, music, art, dance, public service, or other aspects of human culture. Religions have sacred histories and narratives, which may be preserved in sacred scriptures, and symbols and holy places, that aim mostly to give a meaning to life. Religions may contain symbolic stories, which are sometimes said by followers to be true, that may also attempt to explain the origin of life, the universe, and other phenomena. Traditionally, faith, in addition to reason, has been considered a source of religious beliefs.

There are an estimated 10,000 distinct religions worldwide. About 84% of the world’s population is affiliated with Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, or some form of folk religion. The religiously unaffiliated demographic includes those who do not identify with any particular religion, atheists, and agnostics. While the religiously unaffiliated have grown globally, many of the religiously unaffiliated still have various religious beliefs.

The study of religion comprises a wide variety of academic disciplines, including theology, comparative religion and social scientific studies. Theories of religion offer various explanations for the origins and workings of religion, including the ontological foundations of religious being and belief.

Source ~ https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion

Ologies {7} ~ R-T’s

Radiology: The study of rays, usually ionizing radiation
Reflexology: Originally the study of reflexes or of reflex responses
Rheology: The study of flow
Rheumatology: The study of rheumatic diseases
Rhinology: The study of the nose
Sarcology: A subsection of anatomy that studies the soft tissues
Scatology: The study of feces
Sedimentology: A branch of geology that studies sediments
Seismology: The study of earthquakes
Selenology: The study of the moon
Serology: The study of blood serum
Sexology: The study of sex
Sitiology: The study of diet
Sociobiology: The study of the effect of evolution on ethology
Sociology: The study of society
Somatology: The study of human characteristics
Somnology: The study of sleep
Speleology: The study or exploration of caves
Stomatology: The study of the mouth
Symptomatology: The study of symptoms
Synecology: The study of ecological interrelationships
Technology: The study of the practical arts
Thermology: The study of heat
Tocology: The study of childbirth
Topology: The mathematical study of closeness and connectedness
Toxicology: The study of poisons
Traumatology: The study of wounds and injuries
Tribology: The study of friction and lubrication
Trichology: The study of hair and scalp
Typology: The study of classification