“New research has discovered verifiable evidence of a higher level of consciousness. Researchers used brain imaging equipment to analyze the small magnetic fields created in the brain and discovered that, across three psychedelic substances, one measure of conscious level — neural signal diversity — was consistently greater.” ~ Article
Demonology is the systematic study of demons or beliefs about demons. Insofar as it involves exegesis, demonology is an orthodox branch of theology.
Ik Onkar is a prominent Sikh symbol that represents the central tenet of the religious philosophy of the Sikh faith. Symbolizing the concept of the unity of God, it stands for the One Supreme Being who is behind all creation. The phrase has two components – Ik and Onkar. Ik is written as a numeral and means one, while Onkar denotes the name of God, Brahma (as mentioned in the Vedas).
The symbol is the opening phrase of the Sikh holy book, Guru Granth Sahib and forms the first word of the ‘Mool Mantra‘, which is regarded as the first composition of Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism. Mool Mantra (literally meaning the ‘root magic chant or statement’) clearly reflects Guru Nanak’s belief in monotheism and encapsulates the entire complex theology of Sikhism. It is read as – “Ik Onkar Satnam Karta Purakh Nirbhau Nirvair Akaal Moorat Ajooni Saibhang GurParsad”. Translated in English, it means that there is only one God, His name is true, He is the creator of everything, He is beyond fear, He is without enmity or hatred, He has a timeless form, He is beyond birth and death, He is self-existent, He can be realized through divine grace.
The symbol Ik Onkar is representative of the cornerstone of the Sikh religion, which is the belief in the oneness of God and the oneness of humanity. There is only one Divine Reality, one God who is manifest in all creation and is the only constant, the eternal Truth. It urges one to realize that we are all bound to the creator and one another in such a way that we are all inseparable.
Religion is a social-cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, morals, beliefs, worldviews, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, and spiritual elements; however, there is no scholarly consensus over what precisely constitutes a religion.
Different religions may or may not contain various elements ranging from the divine, sacred things, faith, a supernatural being or supernatural beings or “some sort of ultimacy and transcendence that will provide norms and power for the rest of life”. Religious practices may include rituals, sermons, commemoration or veneration (of deities and/or saints), sacrifices, festivals, feasts, trances, initiations, funerary services, matrimonial services, meditation, prayer, music, art, dance, public service, or other aspects of human culture. Religions have sacred histories and narratives, which may be preserved in sacred scriptures, and symbols and holy places, that aim mostly to give a meaning to life. Religions may contain symbolic stories, which are sometimes said by followers to be true, that may also attempt to explain the origin of life, the universe, and other phenomena. Traditionally, faith, in addition to reason, has been considered a source of religious beliefs.
There are an estimated 10,000 distinct religions worldwide. About 84% of the world’s population is affiliated with Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, or some form of folk religion. The religiously unaffiliated demographic includes those who do not identify with any particular religion, atheists, and agnostics. While the religiously unaffiliated have grown globally, many of the religiously unaffiliated still have various religious beliefs.
The study of religion comprises a wide variety of academic disciplines, including theology, comparative religion and social scientific studies. Theories of religion offer various explanations for the origins and workings of religion, including the ontological foundations of religious being and belief.
Radiology: The study of rays, usually ionizing radiation
Reflexology: Originally the study of reflexes or of reflex responses
Rheology: The study of flow
Rheumatology: The study of rheumatic diseases
Rhinology: The study of the nose
Sarcology: A subsection of anatomy that studies the soft tissues
Scatology: The study of feces
Sedimentology: A branch of geology that studies sediments
Seismology: The study of earthquakes
Selenology: The study of the moon
Serology: The study of blood serum
Sexology: The study of sex
Sitiology: The study of diet
Sociobiology: The study of the effect of evolution on ethology
Sociology: The study of society
Somatology: The study of human characteristics
Somnology: The study of sleep
Speleology: The study or exploration of caves
Stomatology: The study of the mouth
Symptomatology: The study of symptoms
Synecology: The study of ecological interrelationships
Technology: The study of the practical arts
Thermology: The study of heat
Tocology: The study of childbirth
Topology: The mathematical study of closeness and connectedness
Toxicology: The study of poisons
Traumatology: The study of wounds and injuries
Tribology: The study of friction and lubrication
Trichology: The study of hair and scalp
Typology: The study of classification
Hematology: The study of blood
Heliology: The study of the sun
Helioseismology: The study of vibrations and oscillations in the sun
Helminthology: The study of parasitic worms
Hepatology: The study of the liver
Herbology: The study of the therapeutic use of plants
Herpetology: The study of reptiles and amphibians
Heteroptology: The study of true bugs
Hippology: The study of horses
Histology: The study of living tissues
Histopathology: The study of the microscopic structure of diseased tissue
Hydrogeology: The study of underground water
Hydrology: The study of water
Ichnology: The study of fossil footprints, tracks, and burrows
Ichthyology: The study of fish
Immunology: The study of the immune system
Karyology: The study of karyotypes (a branch of cytology)
Kinesiology: The study of movement in relation to human anatomy
Kymatology: The study of waves or wave motions
Laryngology: The study of the larynx
Lepidopterology: The study of butterflies and moths
Limnology: The study of freshwater environments
Lithology: The study of rocks
Lymphology: The study of the lymph system and glands
Acarology is the study of mites and ticks, the animals in the order Acarina. It is a subfield of arachnology, a subdiscipline of the field of zoology. A zoologist specializing in acarology is called an acarologist. Acarologists may also be parasitologists because many members of Acarina are parasitic.
The study of names is called onomastics, a field which touches on linguistics, history, anthropology, psychology, sociology, philology and much more. When people refer to the “meaning of a name”, they are most likely referring to the etymology, which is the original literal meaning.
Acoustics is the branch of physics concerned with the study of sound (mechanical waves in gases, liquids, and solids). A scientist who works in the field of acoustics is an acoustician. Acoustics is the science concerned with the production, control, transmission, reception, and effects of sound.
Cosmology is a branch of astronomy concerned with the studies of the origin and evolution of the universe, from the Big Bang to today and on into the future. It is the scientific study of the origin, evolution, and eventual fate of the universe.